However, no computer can process the near infinite number of atoms in objects, so instead we model 'finite' groups of them.
In the real world, everything that occurs results from the interaction between atoms (and sub-particles of those atoms). If we were to simulate the world in a computer, we would have to simulate this interaction based on the simple laws of physics. Domenico Prattichizzo,, and Antonio Bicchi,"Dynamic "Analysis of Mobility and Graspability of General Manipulation Systems" IEEE transactions on robotics and automation, vol. This paper presents a review of PSO application in Economic Load Dispatch problems.
Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Barcelona, Spain, April 2005. Dongwoon Choi, Woonghee Shon and Ho-Gil Lee "Design of 5 D. F Robot Hand with an artificial skin For An Android Robot" Department of Applied Robot Technology, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology Republic of Korea.
Results show that the hydraulic resistance is significantly reduced in the proposed four ports actuators; and the proposed cylinders run faster than the conventional cylinders and a considerable amount of energyis saved as well.
Key words: Computational Hydraulic, Energy Efficient Actuators, Energy Saving in Hydraulic, Hydraulic Control Reference  P.
Biologically inspired evolutionary agent systems in dynamic environments.
Diversity-based model reference for genetic algorithms in dynamic environment.
Abstract: Particle swarm optimization (PSO ) is an effective & reliable evolutionary based approach .